According to current predictions, sea levels will rise on average 3 mm/year in the course of this century and the quality of the air we breathe will worsen, taking its toll on our health. These and other adverse effects are exacerbated by the increase in frequency of floods, droughts, wildfires and other disasters due to the changing climate.
Space technologies are essential tools to tackle any global implicating events. Institutional Space based observations of the Earth have provided fundamental insights in the monitoring and modelling of the health of our planet and will continue to do so. The New Space paradigm has now entered the Earth Observation domain and will lead to new business opportunities, specifically with respect to flooding and air-quality. This team project will produce a reference and influential report on the role that space plays in the adaptation and resilience of humanity to the effects of climate change.
Number of space debris in space orbit are constantly growing. 40000 space debris objects have been catalogued already in 2014 from that 17000 were in orbit. Facing the constant growth of debris in space, several technological solutions have been proposed by space agencies and industry that include deorbiting of debris (so-called “pulling technologies“ by attaching debris to a tether, “pushing technologies” to push debris into an ocean), moving it to safer orbits or salvaging it for reuse on other satellites or spacecraft. At the same time eco-friendly technologies are explored for spacecraft manufacturing to keep space as clean as possible.
We are going back to the Moon! After landing twelve humans on the Moon between 1969 and 1972, today the international space community is developing advanced plans to return to the Moon with human and robotic presence and activities towards the end of the next decade. This time, humans will stay longer, with robotic support, and increase the level of sustainability of the presence along the way.
Both habitation of humans on the Moon as well as the activities themselves will need enabling facilities and services, such as accommodation and life support, communications and, perhaps most importantly, generation and supply/distribution of power.
The aim of the ISU SSP 2018 Team Project “Lunar Night Survival” is to specify a solution for the generation and provision of power in support of the range of activities which are planned to be deployed on the Moon in the near future. The scope of work of the Team Project does not only include the design of the power generation solution, it will also address the deployment and maintenance of the solution, as well as estimation of the costs and the exploitation of the power supply to the different users.
Power companies need to provide the right amount of electricity each day, each hour. This means they have to predict power consumption. Any miss-prediction
means they have to buy more electricity on the spot market at high prices, or sell surplus electricity at low prices. The overall cost they incur here is called “variance charge”. There is therefore considerable interest from energy providers to have more accurate prediction models on weather conditions, with a very high granularity such as hourly updated predictions.